The practical results achieved by the application of asepsis and antisepsis to obstetrical practice is one of the greatest triumphs of modern medicine. No fact has been more frequently and forcibly emphasized than this, and the triumph thus gained is all the more welcome because it comes with relief to the very sufferers to whom our sympathies go out most powerfully—to childbearing women.
Prior to the advent of our present methods of treatment, in many parts of the world, and these the very centres of the highest civilization, childbearing had become a veritable curse to womankind, at least to those unfortunates who were obliged to take refuge in hospitals. In one of the largest hospitals of the world pregnant women learned to shun certain wards as they would charnel-houses. " Often the most heartrending scenes were witnessed when kneeling women wrung their hands and implored a release from surroundings which they