JAMA. 1890;XIV(4):138-141. doi:10.1001/jama.1890.02410040030008.
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While still a territory and sparsely settled, only along the river fronts and water courses of Southern Illinois, efforts were already being made by the pioneer practitioners to regulate the practice of medicine and to foster the cause of medical education. In 1817 an Act of the Territorial Legislature—with a preamble reciting that " well regulated medical societies have been found to contribute to the diffusion of true science, and particularly to the knowledge of the healing art"—divided the Territory into two medical districts. All that portion of the Territory lying east of the meridian line, " running due north from the mouth of the Ohio," formed the Eastern Medical District, and that west of said line formed the Western Medical District. For historical summary of these efforts see " Medical Education and the Regulation of the Practice of Medicine in the United States and Canada," "Fifth Annual Report of the State Board of Health of Illinois," p. 52 et seq.


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