Introduction by the Committee.
About four years ago the Council of the Chicago Medical Society appointed a Committee on Criminal Abortion whose purpose should be the investigation of the crime of feticide. Very shortly the chief function of the committee became that of aiding public officials in prosecuting those guilty of this crime. Also this committee was able to secure the removal of all criminal advertisements from the local press—partly by moral suasion and partly by securing the cooperation of the postal authorities. In pursuance of its duties the committee gradually became cognizant of the relatively great frequency of the crime of abortion among midwives; at the same time the members of this committee were made to realize the deficiency of these practitioners in learning and ability. Not infrequently the committee found from the evidence presented before the coroner's inquisition and the criminal court that their practice was not confined