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JAMA. 1908;L(5):388-392. doi:10.1001/jama.1908.02530310064027.
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Studien Zur Getschichte der Anatomie im Mittelalter , Robert Ritter von Toeply, Leipzig und Wien, Franz Deuticke, 1898.
Under logic at this time was included the study of practically all the subjects that are now taken up in the arts department of our universities. Huxley, in his address before the University of Aberdeen, on the occasion of his inauguration as rector of that university said: "The scholars (of the early days of the universities, first half of the thirteenth century) studied grammar, rhetoric, arithmetic and geometry, astronomy, theology and music." He added: "Thus their work, however imperfect and faulty judged by modern lights, it may have been, brought them face to face with all the leading aspects of the many-sided mind of man. For these studies did really contain, at any rate in embryo—sometimes, it may be, in caricature—what we now call philosophy, mathematical and physical science, and art. And I doubt if the curriculum of any modern university shows so clear and generous a comprehension of what is meant by culture as the old trivium and quadrivium does." Science and Education Essays, page 197; New York, D. Appleton & Co. 1896.
A tarrenus or tarrene in gold was equal to about thirty cents of our money. Money at that time had from ten to fifteen times the purchasing power that it has at the present time. An ordinary workman at this time in England received about two pence a day and an ox could be bought for less than two shillings.
Apparently many different ways of getting round this regulation had already been invented and the idea of these expressions seems to be to make it very clear in the law that any such business relationship no matter what the excuse or the method of it, is forbidden.—Ed.
Published by Warwick Bros. & Rutter, Ltd., Toronto, Ont.


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