National Diabetes Awareness Month—November 1997

JAMA. 1997;278(19):1564. doi:10.1001/jama.1997.03550190028017.
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NOVEMBER is National Diabetes Awareness Month. In the United States, an estimated 15.7 million persons have diabetes; approximately one third of the cases are undiagnosed.1 CDC highlighted National Diabetes Awareness Month with the national satellite broad-cast, "Diabetes: Control Is Prevention." The broadcast emphasized increasing awareness of the impact of diabetes, existing efforts to reduce the burden of diabetes, and mobilizing communities to improve diabetes outcomes.

Additional activities will emphasize the new guidelines regarding the diagnosis and classification of diabetes. These guidelines were developed by an international Expert Committee on the Diagnosis and Classification of Diabetes Mellitus, sponsored by the American Diabetes Association2; CDC recommends that health-care providers use the new diagnostic and classification criteria. The following major changes are included in the committee's report:

Diagnosis.  Lower the current fasting diagnostic criteria from greater than or equal to 140 mg/dL of plasma glucose to greater than


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