0
ARTICLE |

Affirmative Action and Other Special Consideration Admissions at the University of California, Davis, School of Medicine

Robert C. Davidson, MD, MPH; Ernest L. Lewis, MD
JAMA. 1997;278(14):1153-1158. doi:10.1001/jama.1997.03550140045038.
Text Size: A A A
Published online

Context.  —The use of race as a criterion for admission to medical schools and other professional schools has become increasingly controversial. This study documents the experience of students at one medical school, admitted through a special admissions process that included race as one consideration.

Objective.  —To examine the medical school, postgraduate training, and career experiences of students admitted by a special consideration admission program that included traditional affirmative action admissions.

Design.  —Twenty-year, retrospective, matched-cohort study.

Setting.  —A public medical school.

Study Population.  —All affirmative action and other special consideration admissions between 1968 and 1987 (20 years).

Main Outcome Measures.  —Academic progress, national board examination scores, graduation, residency evaluations, and practice characteristics.

Results.  —During the study period, 20% of students were special consideration admissions (range, 10%-45% per year). Of special consideration admissions, 53.5% were minority students, while 19% of regular admissions were minority students. When only underrepresented minority groups are analyzed, 42.7% of special consideration admissions and 4.0% of regular admissions were minorities. Of special consideration admissions, 94% graduated vs 97% of regular admissions. Regular admission students were more likely to receive honors or an A grade on core basic and clinical science courses. There was no difference in failure rates of core courses. Regular admission students had higher scores on Parts I and II of the National Board of Medical Examiners examination, and special consideration students were more likely to repeat the examination to receive a passing grade. Following graduation, the experience of the special consideration admission students was very similar to that of regular admission students. There was no difference in completion of residency training or evaluation of performance by residency directors. Both populations selected primary care disciplines at the same rate. The practice characteristics of the 2 populations were remarkably similar.

Conclusions.  —Criteria other than undergraduate grade point average and Medical College Admission Test scores can be used in predicting success in medical school. An admissions process that allows for ethnicity and other special characteristics to be used heavily in admission decisions yields powerful effects on the diversity of the student population and shows no evidence of diluting the quality of the graduates.

Topics

Sign In to Access Full Content

Don't have Access?

Register and get free email Table of Contents alerts, saved searches, PowerPoint downloads, CME quizzes, and more

Subscribe for full-text access to content from 1998 forward and a host of useful features

Activate your current subscription (AMA members and current subscribers)

Purchase Online Access to this article for 24 hours

Figures

Tables

References

CME
Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
NOTE:
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Multimedia

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Sign In to Access Full Content

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.

Jobs
brightcove.createExperiences();