We're unable to sign you in at this time. Please try again in a few minutes.
We were able to sign you in, but your subscription(s) could not be found. Please try again in a few minutes.
There may be a problem with your account. Please contact the AMA Service Center to resolve this issue.
Contact the AMA Service Center:
Telephone: 1 (800) 262-2350 or 1 (312) 670-7827  *   Email: subscriptions@jamanetwork.com
Error Message ......
Article |

Safety and Efficacy of Pramipexole in Early Parkinson Disease A Randomized Dose-Ranging Study

JAMA. 1997;278(2):125-130. doi:10.1001/jama.1997.03550020057038.
Text Size: A A A
Published online


Context.  —Monotherapy with dopamine agonists may be useful in early Parkinson disease.

Objective.  —To evaluate dose-response relationships for tolerability, safety, and efficacy of the synthetic dopamine agonist pramipexole.

Design.  —Multicenter, multidosage, parallel-group, double-blind, placebocontrolled, randomized clinical trial.

Setting.  —University or academically based movement disorder clinics.

Patients.  —A total of 264 patients with early Parkinson disease (PD) who were not requiring or receiving levodopa or other dopamine agonists were enrolled.

Intervention.  —Subjects were randomized to 1 of 5 treatment groups: pramipexole doses of 1.5 mg/d, 3.0 mg/d, 4.5 mg/d, and 6.0 mg/d, or matching placebo. A 6-week dosage escalation period was followed by a 4-week maintenance period and a 1-week period during which active treatment was withdrawn.

Main Outcome Measures.  —The primary measure of tolerability was the proportion of subjects completing the study on the assigned treatment. The primary measure of efficacy was the change from baseline to 10 weeks in the total score on the Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS).

Results.  —Pramipexole was generally safe and well tolerated in this 10-week study. The proportion of subjects completing the study on the originally assigned dosage was 98% for placebo and 81% for the 1.5-mg/d, 92% for the 3.0-mg/d, 78% for the 4.5-mg/d, and 67% for the 6.0-mg/d treatment groups. There was a trend toward increased frequency of adverse experiences, particularly somnolence, in the 6.0-mg/d group. After 10 weeks of treatment, pramipexole-treated subjects showed a 20% improvement in total UPDRS scores, with mean improvements in scores ranging from 5.9 to 7.0 units among active treatment groups, compared with 0.9 units for the placebo group (P<.005 for each comparison with placebo). There was also evidence that the treatment effects were more pronounced in subjects with worse UPDRS scores at baseline.

Conclusions.  —Pramipexole is safe and effective as short-term monotherapy in patients with early PD who are not receiving levodopa. Further study is warranted to determine the long-term impact of pramipexole on the progression of disability in PD and its value in comparison with levodopa therapy and other dopamine agonists.


Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?




Also Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
Please click the checkbox indicating that you have read the full article in order to submit your answers.
Your answers have been saved for later.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.


Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

0 Citations

Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.