We're unable to sign you in at this time. Please try again in a few minutes.
We were able to sign you in, but your subscription(s) could not be found. Please try again in a few minutes.
There may be a problem with your account. Please contact the AMA Service Center to resolve this issue.
Contact the AMA Service Center:
Telephone: 1 (800) 262-2350 or 1 (312) 670-7827  *   Email: subscriptions@jamanetwork.com
Error Message ......
Article |

Apolipoprotein E ϵ4 and Incidence of Alzheimer Disease in a Community Population of Older Persons

Denis A. Evans, MD; Laurel A. Beckett, PhD; Terry S. Field, ScD; Lin Feng, RN; Marilyn S. Albert, PhD; David A. Bennett, MD; Benjamin Tycko, MD, PhD; Richard Mayeux, MD, MSc
JAMA. 1997;277(10):822-824. doi:10.1001/jama.1997.03540340056033.
Text Size: A A A
Published online


Objective.  —To examine the relation between apolipoprotein E status and risk of Alzheimer disease (AD) in a defined population and estimate the fraction of incident AD attributable to the ϵ4 allele.

Design.  —Community-based cohort study.

Setting.  —East Boston, Mass.

Participants.  —A random sample of 578 community residents aged 65 years and older free of AD.

Main Outcome Measure.  —Clinical diagnosis of AD by uniform, structured evaluation.

Results.  —The increased risk of AD associated with the presence of the ϵ4 allele was less than that found in most family and case-control studies. Persons with the ϵ4/ϵ4 or ϵ3/ϵ4 genotypes had 2.27 (95% confidence interval, 1.06-4.89) times the risk of incident disease compared with those with the ϵ3/ϵ3 genotype. The ϵ4 allele accounted for a fairly small fraction of the incidence of AD; if the allele did not exist or had no effect on disease risk, the incidence would be reduced by only 13.7%. The effect of the ϵ4 allele on risk of AD did not appear to vary with age.

Conclusions.  —The apolipoprotein E ϵ4 allele is an important genetic risk factor for AD but accounts for a fairly small fraction of disease occurrence in this population-based study. Continued efforts to identify other environmental and genetic risk factors are warranted.


Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?




Also Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
Please click the checkbox indicating that you have read the full article in order to submit your answers.
Your answers have been saved for later.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.


Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

0 Citations

Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.