Lessons From Nuremberg: Ethical and Social Responsibilities for Health Care Professionals, Health Care Organizations, and Medical Journals

Theodore Friedmann, MD, MA
JAMA. 1997;277(9):710-711. doi:10.1001/jama.1997.03540330032020.
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To the Editor.  —The article by Dr Seidelman1 describes the important role that JAMA itself played in promulgating the emerging horrors through its news reports describing the policy changes of the German government, in the German medical societies, and in the learned German academic institutions during the period from 1933 to 1939—changes that were at first merely ominous but that then became more and more overtly unethical.However, reading this fine piece of editorial history was an increasingly frustrating exercise in waiting for the slightest mention that the editorial staff of THE JOURNAL took any kind of ethical stand concerning the increasingly rabid eugenics and racial policies that were being acquiesced to and even fostered by German medical institutions. Where was the most gentle slap on the wrist of German medicine for what must have been clearly seen to be an assault on most of the principles of medical


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