We're unable to sign you in at this time. Please try again in a few minutes.
We were able to sign you in, but your subscription(s) could not be found. Please try again in a few minutes.
There may be a problem with your account. Please contact the AMA Service Center to resolve this issue.
Contact the AMA Service Center:
Telephone: 1 (800) 262-2350 or 1 (312) 670-7827  *   Email: subscriptions@jamanetwork.com
Error Message ......
Article |

Wake-up Call Aimed at Drowsy Drivers: Message Is 'Drive Alert, Arrive Alive'

Lynne Lamberg
JAMA. 1996;276(15):1209-1210. doi:10.1001/jama.1996.03540150011005.
Text Size: A A A
Published online


DURING THE Persian Gulf War in 1991, 6 US Bradley infantry fighting vehicles encountered 6 Iraqi armored personnel carriers at 2 AM on a rainy night. A firefight erupted. All 6 of the Iraqi vehicles were destroyed by the Americans. So were 2 of the Bradleys.

This friendly fire incident is an extreme example of the way sleepiness may undermine driving performance, said Gregory Belenky, MD, a colonel in the US Army Medical Corps and director of the Division of Neuropsychiatry at Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Bethesda, Md. He spoke at a "Drive Alert, Arrive Alive" symposium sponsored by the Washington, DC-based National Sleep Foundation (NSF).

The 2 Bradleys that were destroyed, Belenky said, were on the left flank of the Bradley platoon. They were maneuvering in and around the burning Iraqi vehicles. They were destroyed by the 2 Bradleys on the right flank of the platoon, whose


Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?




Also Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
Please click the checkbox indicating that you have read the full article in order to submit your answers.
Your answers have been saved for later.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.


Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

0 Citations

Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.