We're unable to sign you in at this time. Please try again in a few minutes.
We were able to sign you in, but your subscription(s) could not be found. Please try again in a few minutes.
There may be a problem with your account. Please contact the AMA Service Center to resolve this issue.
Contact the AMA Service Center:
Telephone: 1 (800) 262-2350 or 1 (312) 670-7827  *   Email: subscriptions@jamanetwork.com
Error Message ......
Article |

Patient Decision Making

Peter A. Shapiro, MD; Philip R. Muskin, MD
JAMA. 1993;270(20):2432. doi:10.1001/jama.1993.03510200038012.
Text Size: A A A
Published online


To the Editor.  —As consultation-liaison psychiatrists, we took interest in the article by Redelmeier et al1 on patients' decision-making processes. The examples of poor reasoning processes are helpful in understanding many cases, and we appreciate that the article is selective in its examination of the "role of emotion in decision making." We were struck, however, by the near-complete absence of any mention, not only of subtle cognitive impairment per se, but also of psychiatric disorders, psychological conflict, and other sources of emotional disturbance that affect decision making. Depending on patients' predominant personality traits, the experience of illness and treatment may arouse various sorts of anxiety.2 Depression, anger, feelings of disappointment in or rejection by family and caretakers, and other emotional states may affect patients' medical decision making, sometimes to the consternation of all concerned.3,4 Fear may be manifest most dramatically by its denial, along with denial of


Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?




Also Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
Please click the checkbox indicating that you have read the full article in order to submit your answers.
Your answers have been saved for later.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.


Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

0 Citations

Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.