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Pregnancy Complications and Perinatal Outcomes Among Women With Diabetes— North Carolina, 1989-1990

JAMA. 1993;270(20):2424-2425. doi:10.1001/jama.1993.03510200026009.
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Heckbert SR, Stephens CR, Daling JR.  Diabetes in pregnancy: maternal and infant outcome. Pediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology 1988;2:314-26.
Link to Article[[XSLOpenURL/10.1111/j.1365-3016.1988.tb00225.x]]
Jacobson JD, Cousins L.  A population-based study of maternal and perinatal outcome in patients with gestational diabetes. Am J Obstet Gynecol 1989;161: 981-6.
Link to Article[[XSLOpenURL/10.1016/0002-9378(89)90767-9]]
Schwartz R.  The infant of the diabetic mother.  In: Davidson JK, ed. Clinical diabetes mellitus . New York: Thieme Medical Publishers, 1991.
CDC.  Prenatal care and pregnancies complicated by diabetes—U.S. reporting areas, 1989. MMWR 1993;42: 119-22.
Piper JM, Mitchel EF, Snowden M, Hall C, Adams M, Taylor P.  Validation of 1989 Tennessee birth certificates using maternal and newborn hospital records. Am J Epidemiol 1993;137:758-68.
Meyer RE, Buescher PA, Sullivan LA. Diabetes in pregnancy in North Carolina . State Center for Health and Environmental Statistics, Raleigh, North Carolina, May 1992; CHES studies report no. 64.
Johnstone RD, Nasrat AA, Prescott RJ.  The effect of established and gestational diabetes on pregnancy outcome. Br J Obstet Gynaecol 1990;97:1009-15.
Link to Article[[XSLOpenURL/10.1111/bjo.1990.97.issue-11]]
American Diabetes Association.  Standards of medical care for patients with diabetes mellitus. Diabetes Care 1989;12:365-8.
CDC.  Public health guidelines for enhancing diabetes control through maternal- and child-health programs. MMWR 1986;35:201-8, 213.
Brown SS.  Drawing women into prenatal care. Fam Plann Perspect 1989;21:73-80, 88.
Link to Article[[XSLOpenURL/10.2307/2135557]]
Black (92.0%), American Indian/Alaskan Native (4.5%), Asian/Pacific Islander (3.4%), and other (0.1%). Estimates are not presented separately for minority races because numbers were too small for meaningful analysis.


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