0
We're unable to sign you in at this time. Please try again in a few minutes.
Retry
We were able to sign you in, but your subscription(s) could not be found. Please try again in a few minutes.
Retry
There may be a problem with your account. Please contact the AMA Service Center to resolve this issue.
Contact the AMA Service Center:
Telephone: 1 (800) 262-2350 or 1 (312) 670-7827  *   Email: subscriptions@jamanetwork.com
Error Message ......
ARTICLE |

Detection of Organ-Confined Prostate Cancer Is Increased Through Prostate-Specific Antigen—Based Screening

William J. Catalona, MD; Deborah S. Smith, PhD; Timothy L. Ratliff, PhD; Joseph W. Basler, PhD, MD
JAMA. 1993;270(8):948-954. doi:10.1001/jama.1993.03510080052031.
Text Size: A A A
Published online

Objective.  —To determine whether prostate-specific antigen (PSA)—based screening alters the proportion of organ-confined prostate cancers detected.

Design.  —A prospective, nonrandomized, serial PSA-based screening trial (follow-up from 6 to 37 months), and a concurrent comparison group.

Setting.  —Genera community outpatient screening program based at a university center.

Patients.  —The study group consisted of 10251 men aged 50 years and older (mean and median age, 63 years; mean and median age of patients who underwent biopsies, 66 years) who presented to a prostate cancer screening program and consented to phlebotomy. The comparison group consisted of 266 concurrently studied private patients in the same age range (mean and median age, 68 years) who were referred for prostatic ultrasonography and biopsy because of an abnormal digital rectal examination (DRE).

Main Outcome Measure.  —Proportion detected with clinically or pathologically advanced prostate cancer.

Results.  —The men were divided into three groups: the comparison group, the initial PSA-based screening group, and the serial PSA-based screening group. The proportions of prostate cancers detected that were clinically or pathologically advanced were as follows: comparison group, 57% (27/47); initial PSA-based screening group, 37% (91/244); and serial PSA-based screening group, 29% (37/ 129). Screened patients had a lower proportion of advanced cancers than the comparison group (χ2 [2]=12.3; P=.002); this advantage was observed principally in patients younger than 70 years. Surgical staging revealed that the cancer was microscopically focal and well differentiated (possibly latent cancer) in 2.5% (1/40) of the nonscreened group, 2.9% (7/244) of the initially screened group, and 7.8% (10/129) of the serially screened group (generalized Fisher's Exact Test, P=.08).

Conclusion.  —Screening based on PSA identifies some men with prostate cancer who have a significantly increased proportion of organ-confined tumors compared with those detected through evaluation for an abnormal DRE alone.(JAMA. 1993;270:948-954)

Topics

Sign in

Create a free personal account to sign up for alerts, share articles, and more.

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal

First Page Preview

View Large
First page PDF preview

Figures

Tables

References

CME
Also Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
Please click the checkbox indicating that you have read the full article in order to submit your answers.
Your answers have been saved for later.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.

Multimedia

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Sign in

Create a free personal account to sign up for alerts, share articles, and more.

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.

Jobs
brightcove.createExperiences();