0
We're unable to sign you in at this time. Please try again in a few minutes.
Retry
We were able to sign you in, but your subscription(s) could not be found. Please try again in a few minutes.
Retry
There may be a problem with your account. Please contact the AMA Service Center to resolve this issue.
Contact the AMA Service Center:
Telephone: 1 (800) 262-2350 or 1 (312) 670-7827  *   Email: subscriptions@jamanetwork.com
Error Message ......
ARTICLE |

Academia's Chilly Climate for Primary Care

Susan D. Block, MD; Nancy Clark-Chiarelli, EdD; Antoinette S. Peters, PhD; Judith D. Singer, PhD
JAMA. 1996;276(9):677-682. doi:10.1001/jama.1996.03540090023006.
Text Size: A A A
Published online

Objective.  —To describe the attitudes toward and perceptions of primary care education and practice among academic health center constituents.

Design and Participants.  —Descriptive study using confidential telephone interviews (October 1993 to March 1994) of national stratified probability samples of first- and fourth-year medical students, residents, clinical faculty, internal medicine and pediatrics residency training directors and chairs, and deans (N=2293).

Results.  —Five areas were examined: respondents' specialty orientation, attitudes toward the competence of primary care physicians, encouragement and positive regard for primary care, exposure to primary care-related educational experiences, and socioemotional orientation. The response rate was 84%. Respondents generally perceive primary care tasks as not requiring high levels of expertise; nearly half believe that generalists are not the best physicians to manage patients with serious illness and that the quality of primary care research is inferior to that in other fields. Attitudes are more positive toward the quality of primary care teaching. Learners perceive little encouragement for generalist careers and negative attitudes toward generalists among faculty, and view the quality of their primary care training as inferior to that for specialty practice. Those who have progressed further in the academic medicine hierarchy generally report lower levels of socioemotional orientation than individuals at earlier phases of career development.

Conclusions.  —Despite changes in the health care system and in education, students and residents encounter an atmosphere that is chilly toward primary care. If medical educators seek to optimize enthusiasm and preparation for primary care careers, they must develop approaches to changing the attitudes, values, and composition of their faculties.

Topics

Sign in

Create a free personal account to sign up for alerts, share articles, and more.

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal

Figures

Tables

References

Letters

CME
Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.

Multimedia

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Sign in

Create a free personal account to sign up for alerts, share articles, and more.

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.

Jobs
brightcove.createExperiences();