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ARTICLE |

Technical Guidance on HIV Counseling

JAMA. 1993;269(16):2072-2076. doi:10.1001/jama.1993.03500160034011.
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CDC.  Recommendation for assisting in the prevention of perinatal transmission of human T-lymphotropic virus type III/lymphadenopathy-associated virus and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. MMWR 1985; 34:721-32.
CDC.  Additional recommendations to reduce sexual and drug abuse-related transmission of human T-lymphotropic virus type III/lymphadenopathy-associated virus. MMWR 1986;35:152-5.
CDC.  Public Health Service guidelines for counseling and antibody testing to prevent HIV infection and AIDS. MMWR 1987;36:509-15.
CDC.  Publicly funded HIV counseling and testing— United States, 1991. MMWR 1992;41:613-7.
CDC.  Testing for HIV in the public and private sectors—Oregon, 1988-1991. MMWR 1992;41:581-4.
CDC.  Cooperative agreements for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) prevention projects, program announcement, and availability of funds for fiscal year 1993. Federal Register 1992;57:40675-82.
Valdiserri RO, Moore M, Gerber AR, Campbell CH, Dillon BA, West GR.  Return rates for HIV posttest counseling: implications for program efficacy. Public Health Rep 1993;108:12-18.
Public Health Service. Healthy people 2000: national health promotion and disease prevention objectives—full report, with commentary . Washington, D.C.: US Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, 1991;DHHS publication no.(PHS)91-50212.
Davis H, Fallowfield L, eds. Counseling and communication in health care . New York: John Wiley and Sons, 1991:23-5.
Bellet PS, Maloney MJ.  The importance of empathy as an interviewing skill in medicine. JAMA 1991; 266( (13) ):1831-2.
Link to Article[[XSLOpenURL/10.1001/jama.1991.03470130111039]]
Prochaska JO, DiClemente CC.  Stages and processes of self-change of smoking: toward an integrative model of change. J Consulting Clin Psychol 1983;51: 390-5.
Link to Article[[XSLOpenURL/10.1037/0022-006X.51.3.390]]
Prochaska JO, DiClemente CC.  Toward a comprehensive model of change.  In: Miller W, Heather N, eds. Treating addictive behaviors . New York: Plenum Press, 1986:3-27.
Prochaska JO, DiClemente CC, Norcross JC.  In search of how people change; applications to addictive behaviors. Am Psychol 1992;47( (9) ): 1102-14.
Link to Article[[XSLOpenURL/10.1037/0003-066X.47.9.1102]]
O'Reilly KR, Higgins DL.  AIDS community demonstration projects for HIV prevention among hardto-reach groups. Public Health Rep 1991;106:714-20.
CDC.  Patterns of sexual behavior change among homosexual/bisexual men—selected U.S. sites, 1987-1990. MMWRR 1991;40:792-4.
Holtgrave DR, Valdiserri RO, Gerber AR, Hinman AR.  HIV counseling, testing, referral, and partner notification services: a cost-benefit analysis. Arch Intern Med (in press).
Higgins DL, Galavotti C, O'Reilly KR, et al.  Evidence for the effects of HIV antibody counseling and testing on risk behaviors. JAMA 1991;266:2419-29.
Link to Article[[XSLOpenURL/10.1001/jama.1991.03470170107033]]
CDC's National Center for Prevention Services recognizes that a variety of terms are used and preferred by different groups to describe race and ethnicity. Racial and ethnic terms used in this document reflect the way data are collected and reported by official health agencies.

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