0
We're unable to sign you in at this time. Please try again in a few minutes.
Retry
We were able to sign you in, but your subscription(s) could not be found. Please try again in a few minutes.
Retry
There may be a problem with your account. Please contact the AMA Service Center to resolve this issue.
Contact the AMA Service Center:
Telephone: 1 (800) 262-2350 or 1 (312) 670-7827  *   Email: subscriptions@jamanetwork.com
Error Message ......
ARTICLE |

Relationship Between Parental Trinucleotide GCT Repeat Length and Severity of Myotonic Dystrophy in Offspring

Joy B. Redman, MS; Raymond G. Fenwick Jr, PhD; Ying-Hui Fu, PhD; Antonio Pizzuti, MD, PhD; C. Thomas Caskey, MD
JAMA. 1993;269(15):1960-1965. doi:10.1001/jama.1993.03500150072029.
Text Size: A A A
Published online

Objective.  —To assess the relationship between the GCT repeat number in the myotonic dystrophy gene and the clinical phenotype and examine its predictive utility in prenatal testing.

Design.  —DNA from patients was examined for the length of the myotonic dystrophy GCT repeat region, using both Southern blot analysis and polymerase chain reaction. The results were compared with the clinical onset of disease, as well as with pregnancy outcomes.

Setting.  —Patient samples were referred to the Kleberg DNA Diagnostic Laboratory at the Baylor College of Medicine for DNA analysis by geneticists and genetic counselors (84%), neurologists (10%), and obstetricians and other specialists (6%). Clinical features including onset of disease and family pedigrees were determined by the referring centers.

Patients.  —A total of 241 patient samples from 118 families referred from primarily genetic or neurological centers for genetic linkage analysis or mutation analysis for myotonic dystrophy. This included 44 families referred for prenatal diagnosis.

Main Outcome Measures.  —A relationship between myotonic dystrophy disease onset and length of the GCT repeat allele, parental origin of the disease allele, and results of prenatal diagnosis predictions of disease status were measured.

Results.  —There is a relationship between increasing repeat length and earlier clinical onset of disease. Essentially all (>99%) myotonic mutations causing myotonic dystrophy are accounted for by GCT repeat amplification. Congenital myotonic dystrophy occurs with as few as 730 GCT repeats but only with alleles of maternal origin. Maternal GCT repeats were found as low as 75 (asymptomatic) that were amplified to result in a child with congenital myotonic dystrophy. Application of DNA diagnosis to 32 pregnancies provided an accurate method for identification of at-risk fetuses and allele enlargement.

Conclusions.  —The GCT repeat in myotonic dystrophy is highly mutable. The triplet repeat amplification is highly specific for mutations involving the myotonin protein kinase gene accounting for myotonic dystrophy. The quantitation of triplet repeats can be more sensitive than physical, ophthalmologic, and electromyography examinations since the mutation can be detected in patients without evidence of myotonic dystrophy clinical findings. The length of the triplet expansion is influenced by the sex of the transmitting parent and is related to the clinical onset of disease features. Prenatal measurement of the GCT triplet repeat has utility for families with myotonic dystrophy risk since mutant and normal repeats are distinguishable and the length of mutant repeat alleles is associated with clinical severity. Thus, GCT triplet measurement provides a highly accurate means of detecting the myotonic dystrophy mutation in patients and offers a new reproductive option for families at risk for myotonic dystrophy.(JAMA 1993;269:1960-1965)

Topics

Sign in

Create a free personal account to sign up for alerts, share articles, and more.

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal

Figures

Tables

References

CME
Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.

Multimedia

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Sign in

Create a free personal account to sign up for alerts, share articles, and more.

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.

Jobs
brightcove.createExperiences();