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AIDS Associated With Injecting-Drug Use— United States, 1995

JAMA. 1996;275(21):1628-1629. doi:10.1001/jama.1996.03530450018008.
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CDC. HIV/AIDS surveillance report, 1995 . Atlanta: US Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, 1996. (Vol 7, no. 2).
CDC.  Update: trends in AIDS diagnosis and reporting under the expanded surveillance definition for adolescents and adults—United States, 1993. MMWR 1994;43:826-31.
Prevots RD, Allen DM, Lehman JS, et al.  Trends in human immunodeficiency seroprevalence among injection drug users entering drug treatment centers, United States, 1988-1993. Am J Epidemiol 1996;143: 733-42.
Link to Article[[XSLOpenURL/10.1093/oxfordjournals.aje.a008807]]
CDC.  Heterosexually acquired AIDS--United States, 1993. MMWR 1994;43:155-60.
Klevens M, Fleming PL, Neal JJ, et al. Does misclassification of HIV exposure impact AIDS trends among heterosexuals in the United States? [Abstract] . Vancouver, British Columbia: XI International Conference on AIDS 1996 (in press).
Roehrich L, Wall TL, Sorenson JL.  Behavioral interventions for in-treatment injection drug users.  In: Diclemente RJ, Peterson JL, eds. Preventing AIDS: theories and methods of behavioral interventions . New York: Plenum Press, 1994:189-208.
Des Jarlais DC, Friedman SR, Sotheran JL, et al.  Continuity and change within an HIV epidemic: injecting drug users in New York City, 1984 through 1992. JAMA 1994;271:121-7.
Link to Article[[XSLOpenURL/10.1001/jama.271.2.121]]
Groseclose SL, Weinstein B, Jones TS, et al.  Impact of increased legal access to needles and syringes on practices of injecting-drug users and police officers— Connecticut, 1992-1993. Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes and Human Retrovirology 1995; 10:82-9.
Link to Article[[XSLOpenURL/10.1097/00042560-199509000-00012]]
CDC.  Syringe-exchange programs—United States, 1994-1995. MMWR 1995;44:684-91.
US Preventive Services Task Force. Guide to clinical preventive services . 2nd ed. Baltimore, Maryland: Williams and Wilkins, 1996:591.
Defined as any person who injected drugs at least once after 1977.
Northeast = Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; Midwest= Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin); South = Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; West= Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming; U.S. territories=Guam, Puerto Rico, U.S. Pacific Islands, and U.S. Virgin Islands.
Numbers for other racial/ethnic groups were too small for meaningful analysis.

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