Original research studies and case reports, personal essays, and discussions of specialized fields: the articles in The Journal have traveled widely by the time they are published. All submissions are read by the editors; most are sent to reviewers in the relevant fields for consultation; and some (11.0% of unsolicited manuscripts in 1984) are accepted for publication. They are then copy edited and sent to the authors for approval; a layout is designed; and the final copy is set in type, ready for timely publication. The manuscript is seen by many eyes during this process; its tables, illustrations, and references may be examined dozens of times at The Journal and outside it.
The ease of every task from review to production is significantly affected by the way in which the manuscript has been prepared by the authors. Missing tables, blurry photographs, or tiny margins in which copy editors cannot make