0
We're unable to sign you in at this time. Please try again in a few minutes.
Retry
We were able to sign you in, but your subscription(s) could not be found. Please try again in a few minutes.
Retry
There may be a problem with your account. Please contact the AMA Service Center to resolve this issue.
Contact the AMA Service Center:
Telephone: 1 (800) 262-2350 or 1 (312) 670-7827  *   Email: subscriptions@jamanetwork.com
Error Message ......
ARTICLE |

Comorbidities, Complications, and Coding Bias:  Does the Number of Diagnosis Codes Matter in Predicting In-Hospital Mortality?

Lisa I. lezzoni, MD, MSc; Susan M. Foley; Jennifer Daley, MD; John Hughes, MD; Elliott S. Fisher, MD, MPH; Timothy Heeren, PhD
JAMA. 1992;267(16):2197-2203. doi:10.1001/jama.1992.03480160055034.
Text Size: A A A
Published online

Objective.  —Incomplete coding of secondary diagnoses may bias assessments of patient risks of poor outcomes using administrative health care databases, most of which allow only five diagnoses. The Medicare program is expanding the number of possible diagnoses from five to nine, aiming to improve coding completeness. We examined the impact of having more diagnosis codes available on assessments of risk of death.

Design.  —We used 1988 computerized hospital discharge abstract data from California, which allow up to 25 diagnoses per discharge, to select a sample of hospitalized patients and assessed the relationship between the presence of 29 specific secondary diagnoses and the risk of in-hospital death.

Setting.  —Nonfederal acute-care hospitals in California.

Study Population.  —All patients at least 65 years of age who were hospitalized for stroke, pneumonia, acute myocardial infarction, or congestive heart failure in California in 1988 (N = 162 790).

Main Outcome Measures.  —Relative risk of death for each specific secondary diagnosis.

Results.  —Many conditions that on a clinical basis would be expected to increase the risk of death, such as adult-onset diabetes mellitus, previous myocardial infarction, angina, and ventricular premature beats, were associated with a lower risk of in-hospital death.

Conclusions.  —Bias against coding of chronic or comorbid conditions on the computerized discharge abstracts of patients who die best explains these results. Efforts to improve diagnosis coding completeness solely by increasing the number of available coding spaces may not succeed.(JAMA. 1992;267:2197-2203)

Topics

Sign in

Create a free personal account to sign up for alerts, share articles, and more.

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal

First Page Preview

View Large
First page PDF preview

Figures

Tables

References

CME
Also Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
Please click the checkbox indicating that you have read the full article in order to submit your answers.
Your answers have been saved for later.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.

Multimedia

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Sign in

Create a free personal account to sign up for alerts, share articles, and more.

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.

Jobs
brightcove.createExperiences();