MEDICAL SUPPORT is available by air, land, and sea for the Operation Joint Endeavor implementation force that is seeking to enforce a cease-fire in the former Yugoslavia.
Together, the former republics of Yugoslavia are about the size of Wyoming, bordering the Adriatic Sea, Italy, Austria, Hungary, Romania, Bulgaria, Greece, and Albania. Bosnia-Herzegovina, where North Atlantic Treaty Organization peace enforcers are at work, is slightly larger than Tennessee, earthquake-prone, and primarily mountainous.
In addition to thousands of land mines, poisonous snakes and arachnids, upper respiratory tract infections, environmentally related diseases, and food-, water-, or insect-borne disorders (JAMA. 1994; 272:337-340), US troops are encountering work-associated and cold, wet weather—associated injuries. Lurking always in the background is the threat of violence—"unpredictable in this setting," as a US Army Medical Command booklet puts it—from one or another of the parties who have been warring for most of this decade.
When a US military member