We're unable to sign you in at this time. Please try again in a few minutes.
We were able to sign you in, but your subscription(s) could not be found. Please try again in a few minutes.
There may be a problem with your account. Please contact the AMA Service Center to resolve this issue.
Contact the AMA Service Center:
Telephone: 1 (800) 262-2350 or 1 (312) 670-7827  *   Email: subscriptions@jamanetwork.com
Error Message ......
Article |

The Benefits of Treating Hyperlipidemia to Prevent Coronary Heart Disease Estimating Changes in Life Expectancy and Morbidity

Steven A. Grover, MD, MPA, FRCPC; Michal Abrahamowicz, PhD; Lawrence Joseph, PhD; Carl Brewer, MSc; Louis Coupal, BSc; Samy Suissa, PhD
JAMA. 1992;267(6):816-822. doi:10.1001/jama.1992.03480060062031.
Text Size: A A A
Published online


Objective.  —To evaluate the lifetime benefits of reducing total serum cholesterol levels to prevent coronary heart disease (CHD).

Design.  —We developed a CHD primary prevention computer model to estimate the benefits associated with lifelong risk factor modification. We validated the model by comparing the computer estimates with the observed results of three primary CHD prevention trials.

Patients.  —Men and women age 35 to 65 years who are free of CHD, with total serum cholesterol levels ranging from 5.2 to 7.8 mmol/L (200 to 300 mg/dL), with or without additional CHD risk factors.

Interventions.  —Serum cholesterol reduction through dietary modification or diet and medications.

Main Outcome Measures.  —Changes in life expectancy and the delay of symptomatic CHD.

Results.  —The computer forecasts for CHD end points closely matched the observed results of the Lipid Research Clinics Trial, the Helsinki Heart Study, and MRFIT. We then applied the computer model to low-risk and high-risk men and women with total serum cholesterol levels between 5.2 and 7.8 mmol/L (200 and 300 mg/dL) and estimated that, after reducing serum cholesterol levels 5% to 33%, the average life expectancy would increase by 0.03 to 3.16 years. We also forecast that the average onset of symptomatic CHD would be delayed among these patient groups by 0.06 to 4.98 years.

Conclusion.  —We conclude that this computer model accurately estimates the results of clinical trials and can be used to forecast the changes in life expectancy and morbidity (the development of CHD) associated with specific CHD risk reduction interventions. The wide variation surrounding these estimates underscores the need to better define which groups of individuals will gain the most from cholesterol reduction.(JAMA. 1992;267:816-822)


Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?




Also Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
Please click the checkbox indicating that you have read the full article in order to submit your answers.
Your answers have been saved for later.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.


Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

0 Citations

Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.