0
We're unable to sign you in at this time. Please try again in a few minutes.
Retry
We were able to sign you in, but your subscription(s) could not be found. Please try again in a few minutes.
Retry
There may be a problem with your account. Please contact the AMA Service Center to resolve this issue.
Contact the AMA Service Center:
Telephone: 1 (800) 262-2350 or 1 (312) 670-7827  *   Email: subscriptions@jamanetwork.com
Error Message ......
ARTICLE |

Critical Care of Patients With AIDS

Robert M. Wachter, MD; John M. Luce, MD; Philip C. Hopewell, MD
JAMA. 1992;267(4):541-547. doi:10.1001/jama.1992.03480040089037.
Text Size: A A A
Published online

Objective.  —We sought to review the clinical and ethical issues surrounding critical care for patients with the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).

Data Sources.  —We reviewed published studies and abstracts dealing with the outcome of critical care for patients with AIDS, decision making about life-sustaining treatments in patients with AIDS, and infection control in the intensive care unit. We also consulted with a number of experts in the field.

Study Selection.  —We selected outcome studies in which patients with documented AIDS or infection with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) were analyzed. We rejected data concerning patients with suspected or presumed AIDS and data concerning presumed cases of Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP).

Data Synthesis.  —Most AIDS patients who require critical care do so because of respiratory failure caused by PCP. Although studies early in the epidemic reported survival rates to hospital discharge of 0% to 14%, recent studies demonstrate improved survival rates of 36% to 55%. Treatment for patients with PCP and respiratory failure should include either intravenous trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole or pentamidine isethionate, as well as adjuvant corticosteroids. Patients with AIDS may require critical care for many other indications, including seizures, sepsis, and hypotension, or reasons unrelated to their immunodeficiency. In general, such patients have a better prognosis than those with respiratory failure.

Conclusions.  —The provision of critical care for PCP and respiratory failure specifically or AIDS generally cannot be considered futile. Therefore, decisions about the use of critical care should be guided by the particular clinical situation and the patient's preferences. More research is needed to elucidate the reasons for the improving survival for patients with PCP and respiratory failure and the predictors of such survival.(JAMA. 1992;267:541-547)

Topics

Sign in

Create a free personal account to sign up for alerts, share articles, and more.

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal

Figures

Tables

References

Letters

CME
Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.

Multimedia

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Sign in

Create a free personal account to sign up for alerts, share articles, and more.

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.

Jobs
brightcove.createExperiences();