We're unable to sign you in at this time. Please try again in a few minutes.
We were able to sign you in, but your subscription(s) could not be found. Please try again in a few minutes.
There may be a problem with your account. Please contact the AMA Service Center to resolve this issue.
Contact the AMA Service Center:
Telephone: 1 (800) 262-2350 or 1 (312) 670-7827  *   Email: subscriptions@jamanetwork.com
Error Message ......
Article |

The Presence and Accessibility of Firearms in the Homes of Adolescent Suicides A Case-Control Study

David A. Brent, MD; Joshua A. Perper, MD, LLB, MSc; Christopher J. Allman; Grace M. Moritz, ACSW; Mary E. Wartella, MSW; Janice P. Zelenak, PhD
JAMA. 1991;266(21):2989-2995. doi:10.1001/jama.1991.03470210057032.
Text Size: A A A
Published online


Objective.  —The presence of guns in the home, the type of gun, and the method of storage were all hypothesized to be associated with risk for adolescent suicide.

Design.  —Case-control study.

Subjects.  —The case group consisted of 47 adolescent suicide victims. The two psychiatric inpatient control groups were 47 suicide attempters and 47 never-suicidal psychiatric controls, frequency-matched to the suicide victims on age, gender, and county of origin.

Setting.  —The cases were a consecutive community sample, whereas the inpatients were drawn from a university psychiatric hospital.

Main Outcome Measure.  —Odds of the presence of guns in the home of suicide victims (cases) relative to controls.

Results.  —Guns were twice as likely to be found in the homes of suicide victims as in the homes of attempters (adjusted odds ratio, 2.1; 95% confidence interval, 1.2 to 3.7) or psychiatric controls (adjusted odds ratio, 2.2; 95% confidence interval, 1.4 to 3.5). Handguns were not associated with suicide to any statistically significantly greater extent than long guns. There was no difference in the methods of storage of firearms among the three groups, so that even guns stored locked, or separate from ammunition, were associated with suicide by firearms.

Conclusions.  —The availability of guns in the home, independent of firearms type or method of storage, appears to increase the risk for suicide among adolescents. Physicians should make a clear and firm recommendation that firearms be removed from the homes of adolescents judged to be at suicidal risk.(JAMA. 1991;266:2989-2995)


Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?




Also Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
Please click the checkbox indicating that you have read the full article in order to submit your answers.
Your answers have been saved for later.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.


Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

0 Citations

Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.