We're unable to sign you in at this time. Please try again in a few minutes.
We were able to sign you in, but your subscription(s) could not be found. Please try again in a few minutes.
There may be a problem with your account. Please contact the AMA Service Center to resolve this issue.
Contact the AMA Service Center:
Telephone: 1 (800) 262-2350 or 1 (312) 670-7827  *   Email: subscriptions@jamanetwork.com
Error Message ......
Article |

HIV Testing State of the Art

Elaine M. Sloand, MD; Elisabeth Pitt, MA; Robert J. Chiarello, MD; George J. Nemo, PhD
JAMA. 1991;266(20):2861-2866. doi:10.1001/jama.1991.03470200073038.
Text Size: A A A
Published online


TECHNOLOGY for detecting the antibody to human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1), the etiologic agent of the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), was first licensed by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in 1985. Since then, the spread of the AIDS epidemic from subpopulations, such as male homosexuals, drug abusers sharing contaminated needles, and female prostitutes, to other people with less obvious risk factors has underscored the need for accurate testing to detect infection with HIV-1. The appreciation that people who test positive for HIV-1 can infect others1,2 and the demonstration that infected individuals can benefit from early detection and treatment3-5 have further accentuated this need. Although the first test developed was extremely effective in detecting HIV-1 in patients with AIDS, developing tests for screening healthy people has presented a different challenge. A test that could detect small amounts of HIV-1 early in asymptomatic persons and a confirmatory test


Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?




Also Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
Please click the checkbox indicating that you have read the full article in order to submit your answers.
Your answers have been saved for later.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.


Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

0 Citations

Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.