We're unable to sign you in at this time. Please try again in a few minutes.
We were able to sign you in, but your subscription(s) could not be found. Please try again in a few minutes.
There may be a problem with your account. Please contact the AMA Service Center to resolve this issue.
Contact the AMA Service Center:
Telephone: 1 (800) 262-2350 or 1 (312) 670-7827  *   Email: subscriptions@jamanetwork.com
Error Message ......
Article |

Medical Ethics' Assault on Medical Values-Reply

Roger C. Sider, MD; Colleen D. Clements, PhD
JAMA. 1984;251(21):2792-2793. doi:10.1001/jama.1984.03340450019010.
Text Size: A A A
Published online


In Reply.—  All three letters share incorrect assumptions about our position and misunderstandings of ethical theory.

  1. Churchill and Cross confuse political choice with philosophic autonomy. Value theory is not the same as political ideology, nor do the social conventions of the last two decades reflect the complexity of the citizen's life. Steffen also confuses Mill's political writing with his ethical theory. Mill's universal ethical principle is utility, and on that he is a formalist, as modern interpreters such as D. H. Hodgson1 indicate. Mill himself was too smart to make autonomy a universal ethical principle. He saw it as limited and as a tool for achieving the utility principle. However, medical ethicists have associated his name with autonomy ethics in their confusion of politics for ethics.

  2. It makes no sense to separate experience into subjective or objective components and do no such thing ourselves. But Churchill and


Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?




Also Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
Please click the checkbox indicating that you have read the full article in order to submit your answers.
Your answers have been saved for later.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.


Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

0 Citations

Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.