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Agricultural Auger-Related Injuries and Fatalities—Minnesota, 1992-1994

JAMA. 1995;274(22):1754-1755. doi:10.1001/jama.1995.03530220020010.
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National Safety Council. Accident facts . Chicago: National Safety Council, 1993.
NIOSH. Preventing grain auger electrocutions . Cincinnati, Ohio: US Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, CDC, 1986; DHHS publication no. (NIOSH)86-119.
Linn R. Auger and elevator accident victim rescue . Bozeman, Montana: Montana State University, Montguide Cooperative Extension Service, February 1987.
Aherin RA, Schultz L. Safe storage and handling of grain . St. Paul, Minnesota: Minnesota Extension Service Bulletin, 1981; publication no. AG-FO-568.
Office of the Federal Register. Code of federal regulations: occupational safety and health standards. Subpart D: safety for agricultural equipment . Washington, DC: Office of the Federal Register, National Archives and Records Administration, 1994. (29 CFR section 1928.57[b]).
FACE, SENSOR, and OHNAC are cooperative agreements between NIOSH and various state health departments and are intended to develop models for state-based occupational health surveillance and intervention. FACE was developed to more accurately identify and evaluate work-related fatalities; 14 states currently have FACE programs. Fourteen states have been awarded SENSOR cooperative agreements to develop systems for surveillance of 12 occupational conditions. OHNAC is a national surveillance system that has placed public health nurses in 10 states. Surveillance data compiled by these programs ultimately are used to reduce work-related injury and illness.
Both FACE and SENSOR in Minnesota were initiated in 1993.
An auger also may consist of only an exposed spiral corkscrew. A "sweep" auger, referred to in incident 1, is typically an exposed auger used to move material such as grain to a central discharge point inside a large storage structure. A sweep auger usually extends from the center of a round structure to its outside wall, is powered by a drive system that contacts the bin or silo wall, and slowly rotates (i.e., sweeps) around a pivot point at the center of the structure. The auger rests directly in the grain (or similar material), and the excess grain alongside the auger acts to confine the grain that is in contact with the auger.
Federal child labor laws prohibit employees aged <16 years from operating hazardous equipment (including agricultural augers). However, family members working on family farms are exempt from these provisions.

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