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Abuse of Inhalation Anesthetics

Millard Bass, DO, MPH, ScD
JAMA. 1984;251(5):604. doi:10.1001/jama.1984.03340290024012.
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To the Editor.—  In the article on drug abuse in anesthesia by Ward et al,1 no cases of inhalation abuse were cited. In my nationwide survey on sudden death in teenagers associated with sniffing abuse of volatile hydrocarbons,2 four adult male deaths were discovered in which the self-administered inhalants were abused in hospital operating rooms. Three of the operating room personnel were physicians and the other was an operating room technician. The ages of the physicians were 30, 38, and 52 years. Two of the deaths were attributed to halothane abuse and the other two to cyclopropane. Cardiac arrhythmia associated with light plane anesthesia is the most likely cause of these sudden deaths. Spencer et al3 have described three additional fatal cases of inhalation abuse of halothane in operating room technicians.Although volatile anesthetic agents are not the drugs most commonly abused by hospital personnel who have


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