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Roentgenography of Urinary Tract During Excretion of Sodium Iodid

Earl D. Osborne, M.D.; Charles G. Sutherland, M.B. (Tor.); Albert J. Scholl Jr., M.D.; Leonard G. Rowntree, M.D.
JAMA. 1983;250(20):2848-2853. doi:10.1001/jama.1983.03340200082037.
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There is need of a simple and painless method of depicting the urinary tract, bladder, kidneys and ureters. By the use of catheters and various opaque mediums, success has been attained so far as the bladder, ureters and pelves of the kidney are concerned. Cystography and urography, while of great importance, are not without drawbacks and limitations. The use of the urethral or ureteral catheter is subject to obvious objections from both the physician's and the patient's standpoint. Technically, ureteral catheterization is at times very difficult, and it often subjects the patient to excruciating pain and occasionally to serious reactions. While pyelography may clearly delineate the renal pelves, it may fail to reveal the outline of the kidney itself. In surgical and medical diseases of the kidney, information concerning the size and location of these organs is of paramount interest. In nephritis, for example, it would be of decided value


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