We're unable to sign you in at this time. Please try again in a few minutes.
We were able to sign you in, but your subscription(s) could not be found. Please try again in a few minutes.
There may be a problem with your account. Please contact the AMA Service Center to resolve this issue.
Contact the AMA Service Center:
Telephone: 1 (800) 262-2350 or 1 (312) 670-7827  *   Email: subscriptions@jamanetwork.com
Error Message ......
Article |

Women Scientists in America: Struggles and Strategies to 1940

Regina Markell Morantz, PhD
JAMA. 1983;250(4):533. doi:10.1001/jama.1983.03340040073039.
Text Size: A A A
Published online


In 1910, James McKeen Cattell, a professor of sociology at Columbia University and an editor of Science, published the second edition of his biographical directory, American Men of Science. Although the number of women contributing to science had jumped one third since the publication of the first edition four years earlier, Cattell remained struck by women's low performance (1.8% ranked in the top 1,000). Rather than conclude that something in the American cultural environment favored the exclusion of women from scientific endeavor, Cattell suggested, not untypically for a biologically oriented sociologist, that women's poor showing indicated the genetic inferiority of the female sex. "There does not appear to be any social prejudice against women engaging in scientific work," he wrote, "and it is difficult to avoid the conclusion that there is an innate sexual disqualification."

Readers of Margaret Rossiter's fine and meticulously researched book Women Scientists in America will never


Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?




Also Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
Please click the checkbox indicating that you have read the full article in order to submit your answers.
Your answers have been saved for later.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.


Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

0 Citations

Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.