We're unable to sign you in at this time. Please try again in a few minutes.
We were able to sign you in, but your subscription(s) could not be found. Please try again in a few minutes.
There may be a problem with your account. Please contact the AMA Service Center to resolve this issue.
Contact the AMA Service Center:
Telephone: 1 (800) 262-2350 or 1 (312) 670-7827  *   Email: subscriptions@jamanetwork.com
Error Message ......
Article |

Antitrust and Professional Activities

Bernard D. Hirsh, JD
JAMA. 1983;250(4):491-492. doi:10.1001/jama.1983.03340040031024.
Text Size: A A A
Published online


The existing body of antitrust law has evolved from commercial competition in the marketplace. Broad application of antitrust concepts to the professions is relatively new and can be traced in its development through a series of several landmark court decisions. The precise dimensions of professional self-regulation, however, are yet to be judicially defined.

In American Medical Association v United States, 317 US 519 (1943), the AMA and other defendants were convicted of violating §3 of the Sherman Act by obstructing and restraining the business of a group health plan. The defendants argued that the practice of medicine is not a "trade" and that the Sherman Act therefore did not apply. The Supreme Court refrained from deciding this issue and held that "the calling" or occupation of the individual physicians charged as defendants was immaterial if the purpose and effect of their conspiracy was obstruction and restraint of the business of


Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?




Also Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
Please click the checkbox indicating that you have read the full article in order to submit your answers.
Your answers have been saved for later.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.


Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

0 Citations

Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.

See Also...