We're unable to sign you in at this time. Please try again in a few minutes.
We were able to sign you in, but your subscription(s) could not be found. Please try again in a few minutes.
There may be a problem with your account. Please contact the AMA Service Center to resolve this issue.
Contact the AMA Service Center:
Telephone: 1 (800) 262-2350 or 1 (312) 670-7827  *   Email: subscriptions@jamanetwork.com
Error Message ......
Article |

Preliminary Analysis: HIV Serosurvey of Orthopedic Surgeons, 1991

JAMA. 1991;265(21):2779-2781. doi:10.1001/jama.1991.03460210021003.
Text Size: A A A
Published online


CDC. HIV/AIDS surveillance report . Atlanta: US Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, CDC, (December) 1990:1-18.
CDC.  Interpretation and use of the Western blot assay for serodiagnosis of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 infections . MMWR 1989;38(no. (S-7) ).
Dock NL, Kleinman SH, Rayfield MA, Schable CA, Williams AE, Dodd RY.  Human immunodeficiency virus infection and indeterminate Western blot patterns . Arch Intern Med 1991;151:525-30.
Link to Article[[XSLOpenURL/10.1001/archinte.1991.00400030077014]]
Panlilio AL, Foy DR, Edwards JR, et al.  Blood contacts during surgical procedures . JAMA 1991;265:1533-7.
Link to Article[[XSLOpenURL/10.1001/jama.1991.03460120047034]]
Tokars JI, Marcus R, Culver DH, Bell DM,  Cooperative Study Group. Blood contacts during surgical procedures (Abstract) . Program and abstracts of the 30th Interscience Conference on Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy. Washington, DC: American Society for Microbiology, 1990 :246.
Gerberding JL, Littell C, Tarkington A, Brown A, Schecter WP.  Risk of exposure of surgical personnel to patients' blood during surgery at San Francisco General Hospital . N Engl J Med 1990;322:1788-93.
Link to Article[[XSLOpenURL/10.1056/NEJM199006213222506]]
CDC.  Recommendations for prevention of HIV transmission in health-care settings . MMWR 1987;36(no. (2S) ).
CDC.  Update: universal precautions for prevention of transmission of human immunodeficiency virus, hepatitis B virus, and other bloodborne pathogens in health-care settings . MMWR 1988; 37:377-82,387-8.
CDC.  Public Health Service statement on management of occupational exposure to human immunodeficiency virus, including considerations regarding zidovudine postexposure use . MMWR 1990;39(no. (RR-1) ).
ACIP.  Protection against viral hepatitis: recommendations of the Immunization Practices Advisory Committee (ACIP) . MMWR 1990;39(no. (RR-2) ).
American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons Task Force on AIDS and Orthopaedic Surgery. Recommendations for the prevention of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) transmission in the practice of orthopaedic surgery . Park Ridge, Illinois: American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, 1989.
American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons/ National Association of Orthopaedic Nurses. Reducing the risk of blood-borne disease transmission in orthopaedic surgery (Videotape and booklet) . Park Ridge, Illinois: American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, 1991.
American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. Advisory statement: HIV-infected orthopaedic surgeons . Park Ridge, Illinois: American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, 1991.
Including receipt of blood transfusion during 1978-1985; receipt of clotting factor concentrate since 1977 for treatment of hemophilia or other coagulation disorder; male-male sexual contact at any time since 1977; intravenous-drug use since 1977; birth in Haiti or in central or east Africa; or sexual contact since 1977 with someone in one of the above groups. Participants were not asked which specific risk factor(s) applied to them.
One of 26 U.S. metropolitan areas reporting the highest cumulative number of AIDS cases1 or in Africa or the Caribbean.
In general, among persons who are indeterminate for HIV antibody but without HIV risk factors, subsequent evaluation does not confirm HIV,2,3 infection.


Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?




Also Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
Please click the checkbox indicating that you have read the full article in order to submit your answers.
Your answers have been saved for later.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.


Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

0 Citations

Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.