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Including receipt of blood transfusion during 1978-1985; receipt of clotting factor concentrate since 1977 for treatment of hemophilia or other coagulation disorder; male-male sexual contact at any time since 1977; intravenous-drug use since 1977; birth in Haiti or in central or east Africa; or sexual contact since 1977 with someone in one of the above groups. Participants were not asked which specific risk factor(s) applied to them.
One of 26 U.S. metropolitan areas reporting the highest cumulative number of AIDS cases1 or in Africa or the Caribbean.
In general, among persons who are indeterminate for HIV antibody but without HIV risk factors, subsequent evaluation does not confirm HIV,2,3 infection.