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Acute Allergic Reactions Associated With Reprocessed Hemodialyzers —United States, 1989-1990

JAMA. 1991;265(12):1511. doi:10.1001/jama.1991.03460120025009.
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CDC.  Acute allergic reactions associated with reprocessed hemodialyzers—Virginia, 1989 . MMWR 1989;38:873-4.
Alter MJ, Favero MS, Moyer LA, Miller JK, Bland LA.  National surveillance of dialysis-associated diseases in the United States, 1988 . ASAIO Trans 1990;36:107-18.
Link to Article[[XSLOpenURL/10.1097/00002480-199004000-00012]]
Alter MJ, Favero MS, Miller JK, Coleman PJ, Bland LA.  Reuse of hemodialyzers: results of nationwide surveillance for adverse effects . JAMA 1988;260:2073-6.
Link to Article[[XSLOpenURL/10.1001/jama.1988.03410140085028]]
CDC.  Bacteremia associated with reuse of disposable hollow-fiber hemodialyzers . MMWR 1986;35:417-8.
Lowry PW, Beck-Sague CM, Bland LA, et al.  Mycobacterium chelonae infection among patients receiving high-flux dialysis in a hemodialysis clinic in California . J Infect Dis 1990;161:85-90.
Link to Article[[XSLOpenURL/10.1093/infdis/161.1.85]]
Ward RA, Feldhoff PW, Klein E.  Role of dialyzer contaminants in the allergic epiphenomena of hemodialysis . Artif Organs 1984;8:338-45.
Link to Article[[XSLOpenURL/10.1111/aor.1984.8.issue-3]]
Dolovich J, Marshall C, Smith EKM, et al.  Allergy to ethylene oxide in chronic hemodialysis patients . Artif Organs 1984;8:334-7.
Link to Article[[XSLOpenURL/10.1111/aor.1984.8.issue-3]]
Defined as two or more of the following symptoms in a hemodialysis patient: 1) generalized sensation of warmth; 2) numbness or tingling of the extremities; 3) swelling or fullness in the mouth or throat; and 4) shortness of breath, audible wheezing, and/or chest tightness.
Defined as two or more patients experiencing AARs within 10 minutes of initiating a hemodialysis treatment with a reprocessed dialyzer in a hemodialysis center.


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