We're unable to sign you in at this time. Please try again in a few minutes.
We were able to sign you in, but your subscription(s) could not be found. Please try again in a few minutes.
There may be a problem with your account. Please contact the AMA Service Center to resolve this issue.
Contact the AMA Service Center:
Telephone: 1 (800) 262-2350 or 1 (312) 670-7827  *   Email: subscriptions@jamanetwork.com
Error Message ......
Article |

Reading Disability in Children

Gerald S. Coles, PhD
JAMA. 1991;265(6):725-726. doi:10.1001/jama.1991.03460060055023.
Text Size: A A A
Published online


To the Editor. —  The finding that reading disabilities, "among the most common neurobehavioral childhood disorders," are equally prevalent in girls and boys1 continues a century-long line of quasi-scientific research on "learning disabilities" that has done children more harm than good.As I demonstrate in my book, The Learning Mystique: A Critical Look at 'Learning Disabilities,'2 the claim that millions of children with reading problems are afflicted with a neurological disorder is more belief than fact. A review of the research reveals that every proposed neurological explanation either has been disproved by replication studies or has been based on spurious investigations. Unfortunately, this fruitless pursuit has not kept youngsters from being branded with a diagnosis that obfuscates any genuine understanding of their problems. The study by Shaywitz et al1 illustrates the nature of most research on learning disabilities.Although the researchers assert that reading disability is a


Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?




Also Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
Please click the checkbox indicating that you have read the full article in order to submit your answers.
Your answers have been saved for later.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.


Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

0 Citations

Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.