We're unable to sign you in at this time. Please try again in a few minutes.
We were able to sign you in, but your subscription(s) could not be found. Please try again in a few minutes.
There may be a problem with your account. Please contact the AMA Service Center to resolve this issue.
Contact the AMA Service Center:
Telephone: 1 (800) 262-2350 or 1 (312) 670-7827  *   Email: subscriptions@jamanetwork.com
Error Message ......
Article |

Efficacy of Bladder Training in Older Women With Urinary Incontinence

J. Andrew Fantl, MD; Jean F. Wyman, PhD, RN; Donna K. McClish, PhD; Stephen W. Harkins, PhD; Ronald K. Elswick, PhD; John R. Taylor, MD; Evan C. Hadley, MD
JAMA. 1991;265(5):609-613. doi:10.1001/jama.1991.03460050063021.
Text Size: A A A
Published online


The efficacy of bladder training was evaluated in a randomized clinical trial involving 123 noninstitutionalized women 55 years and older with urinary incontinence. Subjects were urodynamically categorized as those with urethral sphincteric incompetence (N = 88) and those with detrusor instability with or without concomitant sphincteric incompetence (N = 35). Bladder training reduced the number of incontinent episodes by 57%; the effect was similar for both urodynamic diagnostic groups. The quantity of fluid loss was reduced by 54%. This was greater for patients with detrusor instability than for those without it. Diurnal and nocturnal voluntary micturitions were also reduced. The effect on nocturnal micturition, however, was not observed in subjects with unstable detrusor function. It is recommended that bladder training be considered as an initial step in treatment of women with urinary incontinence. Provided prior comprehensive clinical evaluation is done, it can be prescribed without the need for urodynamic characterization.

(JAMA. 1991;265:609-613)


Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?




Also Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
Please click the checkbox indicating that you have read the full article in order to submit your answers.
Your answers have been saved for later.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.


Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

0 Citations

Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.