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ARTICLE |

Prevalence of Disabilities and Associated Health Conditions—United States, 1991-1992

JAMA. 1994;272(22):1735-1737. doi:10.1001/jama.1994.03520220029024.
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McNeil JM. Americans with disabilities, 1991-1992 . Washington, DC: US Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, 1993. (Current population reports; series P70, no. 33).
Chirikos TN.  Aggregate economic losses from disability in the United States: a preliminary assay. Milbank Q 1989;67( (suppl 2) ):59-91.
Link to Article[[XSLOpenURL/10.2307/3350236]]
CDC.  Prevalence of work disability—United States, 1990. MMWR 1993;42:757-9.
CDC.  Prevalence of mobility and self-care disability—United States, 1990. MMWR 1993;42: 760-1, 767-8.
LaPlante MP. Data on disability from the National Health Interview Survey, 1983-1985 . Washington, DC: Department of Education, National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research, 1988.
LaPlante MP, Hendershot GE, Moss AJ. Assistive technology devices and home accessibility features: prevalence, payment, need, and trends . Hyattsville, Maryland: US Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, CDC, NCHS, 1992. (Advance data no. 217).
World Health Organization. International classification of impairments, disabilities, and handicaps . Geneva: World Health Organization, 1993.
Badley EM.  An introduction to the concepts and classifications of the International Classification of Impairments, Disabilities, and Handicaps. Disabil Rehabil 1993;15:161-78.
Link to Article[[XSLOpenURL/10.3109/09638289309166008]]
Fougeyrollas P.  Documenting environmental factors as determining variables in the performance of day-to-day activities and the fulfillment of social roles by persons with impairments and functional limitations. ICIDH International Network 1993;5:8-13.
Functional activities: ability to (1) "see words and letters in ordinary newspaper print," (2) "hear normal conversations," (3) "have speech understood by others," (4) "lift and carry up to 10 pounds (e.g., a full bag of groceries)," (5) "climb a flight of stairs without resting," and (6) "walk one quarter mile."
ADLs: ability to (1) "get around inside the home"; (2) "get in and out of bed or a chair"; and (3) take a bath or shower, dress, and eat; and 4) get to and use the toilet.
IADLs: ability to (1) "get around outside the home," (2) "keep track of money and bills," (3) "prepare meals," (4) "do light housework," and (5) "use the telephone.
Learning disabilities; mental retardation; other developmental disabilities; and Alzheimer disease, senility, dementia, and other mental or emotional conditions.

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