McNeil JM. Americans with disabilities, 1991-1992 . Washington, DC: US Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, 1993;. (Current population reports; series P70, no. 33).
Chirikos TN. Aggregate economic losses from disability in the United States: a preliminary assay. Milbank Q 1989;;67(
CDC. Prevalence of work disability—United States, 1990. MMWR 1993;;42:757-9.
CDC. Prevalence of mobility and self-care disability—United States, 1990. MMWR 1993;;42: 760-1, 767-8.
LaPlante MP. Data on disability from the National Health Interview Survey, 1983-1985 . Washington, DC: Department of Education, National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research, 1988;.
LaPlante MP, Hendershot GE, Moss AJ. Assistive technology devices and home accessibility features: prevalence, payment, need, and trends . Hyattsville, Maryland: US Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, CDC, NCHS, 1992;. (Advance data no. 217).
World Health Organization. International classification of impairments, disabilities, and handicaps . Geneva: World Health Organization, 1993;.
Badley EM. An introduction to the concepts and classifications of the International Classification of Impairments, Disabilities, and Handicaps. Disabil Rehabil 1993;;15:161-78.
Fougeyrollas P. Documenting environmental factors as determining variables in the performance of day-to-day activities and the fulfillment of social roles by persons with impairments and functional limitations. ICIDH International Network 1993;;5:8-13.
Functional activities: ability to (1) "see words and letters in ordinary newspaper print," (2) "hear normal conversations," (3) "have speech understood by others," (4) "lift and carry up to 10 pounds (e.g., a full bag of groceries)," (5) "climb a flight of stairs without resting," and (6) "walk one quarter mile."
ADLs: ability to (1) "get around inside the home"; (2) "get in and out of bed or a chair"; and (3) take a bath or shower, dress, and eat; and 4) get to and use the toilet.
IADLs: ability to (1) "get around outside the home," (2) "keep track of money and bills," (3) "prepare meals," (4) "do light housework," and (5) "use the telephone.
Learning disabilities; mental retardation; other developmental disabilities; and Alzheimer disease, senility, dementia, and other mental or emotional conditions.