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Frozen Pre-embryos

Joseph H. Davis, MD; Dirck W. Brown, EdD; Reuben Pannor, MSW
JAMA. 1990;264(18):2382. doi:10.1001/jama.1990.03450180038012.
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To the Editor.—  We were very disturbed by the Board of Trustees report "Frozen Pre-Embryos,"1 in that the report showed an almost complete disregard for the psychological impact on the child so conceived. Donating the frozen pre-embryos to other parties is like treating the end product (the child) as a commodity that can be bartered at will.In vitro fertilization of the ovum and the sperm of a couple who otherwise would be unable to produce an offspring is a marvelous technical achievement. However, if for any reason the couple is unable or unwilling to utilize their "child-to-be," we do not believe that the pre-embryo should be "put up for grabs" and offered to a third party who is anxious to have a child. We abhor the practice reported to occur in some countries of selling or giving away children, and we believe that this is exactly what would


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