0
We're unable to sign you in at this time. Please try again in a few minutes.
Retry
We were able to sign you in, but your subscription(s) could not be found. Please try again in a few minutes.
Retry
There may be a problem with your account. Please contact the AMA Service Center to resolve this issue.
Contact the AMA Service Center:
Telephone: 1 (800) 262-2350 or 1 (312) 670-7827  *   Email: subscriptions@jamanetwork.com
Error Message ......
ARTICLE |

Eosinophilia-Myalgia Syndrome:  Results of National Surveillance

Leslie A. Swygert, MD; Edmond F. Maes, PhD; Leeann E. Sewell, MPH; Lynn Miller, DVM, MPH; Henry Falk, MD, MPH; Edwin M. Kilbourne, MD
JAMA. 1990;264(13):1698-1703. doi:10.1001/jama.1990.03450130070029.
Text Size: A A A
Published online

Eosinophilia-myalgia syndrome, a newly recognized disorder that occurred in epidemic proportions during 1989, is associated with ingestion of manufactured tryptophan. A case is defined by debilitating myalgias and absolute eosinophilia greater than or equal to 1.0 × 109 cells/L. As of July 10,1990, a total of 1531 cases had been reported nationwide, including 27 deaths. The highest rates of reported illness are concentrated in the western states, 68% are non-Hispanic white women aged 35 years and older, and data on associated clinical findings suggest a multisystemic disorder. The most frequent features include arthralgia (73%), rash (60%), cough or dyspnea (59%), peripheral edema (59%), elevated aldolase level (46%), and elevations in the results of liver function tests (43%). Neuropathy or neuritis, resulting in paralysis and death in some patients, was seen in 27%, and chest roentgenogram abnormalities were noted in 21% of those tested. Ninety-one percent reported onset of symptoms during or after May 1989, and 97% reported having taken tryptophan before the onset of symptoms. Since the recall of over-the-counter preparations of tryptophan in November 1989, the number of new cases of this potentially fatal disorder has fallen dramatically.

(JAMA. 1990;264:1698-1703)

Topics

Sign in

Create a free personal account to sign up for alerts, share articles, and more.

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal

Figures

Tables

References

Letters

CME
Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.

Multimedia

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Sign in

Create a free personal account to sign up for alerts, share articles, and more.

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.

Jobs
brightcove.createExperiences();