Drug Testing of Physicians

David Orentlicher, MD, JD
JAMA. 1990;264(8):1039-1040. doi:10.1001/jama.1990.03450080129046.
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Brewster JM.  Prevalence of alcohol and other drug problems among physicians . JAMA . 1986;255:1913-1920.
Link to Article[[XSLOpenURL/10.1001/jama.1986.03370140111034]]
Moore RD, Mead L, Pearson TA.  Youthful precursors of alcohol abuse in physicians . Am J Med. 1990;88:332-336.
Link to Article[[XSLOpenURL/10.1016/0002-9343(90)90485-V]]
McAuliffe WE, Rohman M, Santangelo S, et al.  Psychoactive drug use among practicing physicians and medical students . N Engl J Med. 1986; 315:805-810.
Link to Article[[XSLOpenURL/10.1056/NEJM198609253151305]]
Lewis DC.  Doctors and drugs . N Engl J Med. 1986;315:826-828.
Link to Article[[XSLOpenURL/10.1056/NEJM198609253151309]]
Gualtieri AC, Cosentino JP, Becker JS.  The California experience with a diversion program for impaired physicians . JAMA . 1983;249:226-229.
Link to Article[[XSLOpenURL/10.1001/jama.1983.03330260044030]]
Shore JH.  The Oregon experience with impaired physicians on probation: an eight-year follow-up . JAMA . 1987;257:2931-2934.
Link to Article[[XSLOpenURL/10.1001/jama.1987.03390210079029]]
Samkoff JS, McDermott RW.  Recognizing physician impairment . Pa Med. 1988;91:36-38.
Spickard A, Billings FT.  Alcoholism in a medical-school faculty . N Engl J Med. 1981;305:1646-1648.
Link to Article[[XSLOpenURL/10.1056/NEJM198112313052710]]
Council on Scientific Affairs.  Scientific issues in drug testing . JAMA . 1987;256:3110-3114.
Skinner v Railway Labor Executives Ass'n, 109 S Ct 1402(1989)
National Treasury Employees Union v Von Raab, 816 F2d 170, 175 [5th Cir 1987]
Council on Scientific Affairs.  Issues in employee drug testing . JAMA . 1987;258:2089-2096.
Link to Article[[XSLOpenURL/10.1001/jama.1987.03400150081034]]
Burns M, Moskowitz H.  Effects of diphenhydramine and alcohol on skills performance . Eur J Clin Pharmacol. 1980;17:259-266.
Link to Article[[XSLOpenURL/10.1007/BF00625799]]
Moskowitz H, Burns M.  Cognitive performance in geriatric subjects after acute treatment with antidepressants . Neuropsychobiology . 1986;15( (suppl 1) ):38-43.
Link to Article[[XSLOpenURL/10.1159/000118285]]
Belleville JP, Dorey F, Bellville JW.  Effects of nefopam on visual tracking . Clin Pharmacol Ther. 1979;26:457-463.
Klein RH, Jex HR.  Effects of alcohol on a critical tracking test . J Stud Alcohol. 1975;36:11-20.
Baker EL, Letz R.  Neurobehavioral testing in monitoring hazardous workplace exposures . J Occup Med. 1986;28:987-990.
Link to Article[[XSLOpenURL/10.1097/00043764-198610000-00017]]


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The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
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