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Clinical Effectiveness in Allied Health Practices

Hannah L. Hedrick, PhD
JAMA. 1994;272(16):1300. doi:10.1001/jama.1994.03520160092050.
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Although health system reform efforts have increased recognition of the important role of allied health care providers in organizing, financing, and delivering services in varied treatment settings, health services research has focused primarily on physicians, nurses, and, very recently, physician assistants. Lack of a comprehensive overview of the literature on the effectiveness of treatment provided by allied health professionals has impeded setting research priorities, undertaking effectiveness studies, and developing clinical practice guidelines. Clinical Effectiveness in Allied Health Practices is the first annotated bibliography of clinical effectiveness articles across multiple professions, and, although limited to physical therapy, respiratory care, and dietetics, it establishes a methodology that could be used to examine other allied health professions.

The author has summarized critical analyses and evaluations of 328 articles prepared by a multidisciplinary team using 22 internal and external validity criteria. The reviewers targeted articles related to health services research, clinical effectiveness of the


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The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
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