We're unable to sign you in at this time. Please try again in a few minutes.
We were able to sign you in, but your subscription(s) could not be found. Please try again in a few minutes.
There may be a problem with your account. Please contact the AMA Service Center to resolve this issue.
Contact the AMA Service Center:
Telephone: 1 (800) 262-2350 or 1 (312) 670-7827  *   Email: subscriptions@jamanetwork.com
Error Message ......
Article |

Questions and Answers

JAMA. 1990;263(7):1014. doi:10.1001/jama.1990.03440070102043.
Text Size: A A A
Published online


Jones WS, Dreg D.  Ethyl chloride: an ineffective bacteriostatic or cidal agent for arthrocentesis . Am J Sports Med. 1988;16:534-540.
Link to Article[[XSLOpenURL/10.1177/036354658801600518]]
Hanke CW, O'BrianJJ, Solon EB.  Laboratory evaluation of skin refrigerants used in dermabrasion . J Dermatol Surg Oncol. 1985;11:45-49.
Link to Article[[XSLOpenURL/10.1111/dsu.1985.11.issue-1]]
Hanke CW, O'Brian JJ.  A histologic evaluation of the effects of skin refrigerants in an animal model . J Dermatol Surg Oncol. 1987;13:664-669.
Link to Article[[XSLOpenURL/10.1111/dsu.1987.13.issue-6]]
Nikoskelainen E, Sogg RL, Rosenthal AR, Friberg TR, Dorfman LJ.  The early phase in Leber hereditary optic atrophy . Arch Ophthalmol. 1977;95:969-978.
Link to Article[[XSLOpenURL/10.1001/archopht.1977.04450060055002]]
Lees F, MacDonald AME, Turner JWA.  Leber's disease with symptoms resembling disseminated sclerosis . J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 1964;27:415-421.
Link to Article[[XSLOpenURL/10.1136/jnnp.27.5.415]]
Wallace DC, Singh G, Lott MT, et al.  Mitochondrial DNA mutation associated with Leber's hereditary optic neuropathy . Science. 1988;242:1427-1429.
Link to Article[[XSLOpenURL/10.1126/science.3201231]]
Brunette JR, Bernier G.  Study of a family of Leber's optic atrophy with recuperation . In: Brunette JR, Barbeau A, eds. Progress in Neuro-Ophthalmology . Amsterdam, the Netherlands: Excerpta Medica; 1969:91-97.
Lessell S, Gise RL, Krohel GB.  Bilateral optic neuropathy with remission in young men: variation on a theme by Leber? Arch Neurol. 1983;40:2-6.
Link to Article[[XSLOpenURL/10.1001/archneur.1983.04050010022005]]
Foulds WS, Cant JS, Chisholm IA, Bronte-Stewart J, Wilson J.  Hydroxycobalamin in the treatment of Leber's hereditary optic atrophy . Lancet. 1968;1:896-897.
Link to Article[[XSLOpenURL/10.1016/S0140-6736(68)90243-2]]
Imachi J.  Neuro-surgical treatment of Leber's optic atrophy and its pathogenetic relationship to arachnoiditis . In: Progress in Ophthalmology: Proceedings of the Second International Congress of Neuro-Genetics and Neuro-Ophthalmology . Montreal, Canada: Excerpta Medica; 1967;2:121-127.
Miller N.  The hereditary optic neuropathies . In: Walsh and Hoyt's Clinical Neuro-Ophthalmology . Baltimore, Md: Williams & Wilkins; 1982;1:311-317.


Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?




Also Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
Please click the checkbox indicating that you have read the full article in order to submit your answers.
Your answers have been saved for later.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.


Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

0 Citations

Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.