The 1982 Albert Lasker Memorial Awards for Medical Research were presented to seven investigators at a recent luncheon in New York City. Five of the scientists shared the $15,000 award for basic research, and two the equal award for clinical research.
The basic research awards were presented to J. Michael Bishop, MD; Harold E. Varmus, MD; Hidesaburo Hanafusa, PhD; Raymond L. Erikson, PhD; and Robert C. Gallo, MD, for their "revolutionary discoveries" of the human genes known as oncogenes "which have provided a long-sought link between viruses and the development of cancer." The recipients of the clinical research award, Roscoe O. Brady, MD, and Elizabeth F. Neufeld, PhD, were cited for their "original and creative contributions to the understanding of two groups of inherited [enzymedeficiency] diseases—lipid storage diseases and mucopolysaccharide storage disorders."
The Oncogene Investigators
Bishop, 46, and Varmus, 43, both professors of microbiology, University of California School of Medicine,