We're unable to sign you in at this time. Please try again in a few minutes.
We were able to sign you in, but your subscription(s) could not be found. Please try again in a few minutes.
There may be a problem with your account. Please contact the AMA Service Center to resolve this issue.
Contact the AMA Service Center:
Telephone: 1 (800) 262-2350 or 1 (312) 670-7827  *   Email: subscriptions@jamanetwork.com
Error Message ......
Article |

Responsible and Irresponsible Use of Very-Low-Calorie Diets in the Treatment of Obesity

Thomas A. Wadden, PhD; Theodore B. Van Itallie, MD; George L. Blackburn, MD, PhD
JAMA. 1990;263(1):83-85. doi:10.1001/jama.1990.03440010081036.
Text Size: A A A
Published online


AMERICA'S most celebrated weight loss was announced on November 15,1988, when Oprah Winfrey disclosed to her 18 million television viewers that she had lost 30.5 kg (67 lb) in 4 months by consuming a medically supervised very-low-calorie diet (New York Times. November 24,1988:B17). Ms Winfrey's announcement sparked a frenzy of interest among the nation's dieters, reminiscent of that which greeted the appearance of the liquid protein diets in 1976 and 19771 and the Cambridge Diet in the early 1980s.2 Sadly, consumption of these diets was inadequately supervised; at least 58 deaths were reported among users of liquid protein products1,3 and 6 deaths in persons who consumed the Cambridge Diet.2

Current very-low-calorie diets that provide essential nutrients and high-quality proteins are unquestionably safer than their liquid protein predecessors, as noted in a timely report prepared by the American Medical Association's Council on Scientific Affairs.4 But the


Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?




Also Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
Please click the checkbox indicating that you have read the full article in order to submit your answers.
Your answers have been saved for later.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.


Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

0 Citations

Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.