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Head Injuries Associated With Motorcycle Use-Wisconsin, 1991

JAMA. 1994;272(11):845-846. doi:10.1001/jama.1994.03520110023009.
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National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. Fatal Accident Reporting System, 1991; a review of information on fatal traffic crashes in the United States . Washington, DC: US Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, 1992.
Wilson D. The effectiveness of motorcycle helmets in preventing fatalities . Washington, DC: US Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, 1989; National Highway Traffic Safety Administration Technical Report DOT no. HS-807-416.
CDC.  A framework for assessing the effectiveness of disease and injury prevention. MMWR 1992;41(no. (RR-3) ).
US Government Accounting Office. Motorcycle helmet laws save lives and reduce costs to society . Washington, DC: Government Accounting Office, 1990; report no. GAO/RCED-91-170, 1991.
Wisconsin Office of Transportation Safety. Motorcycle helmet use in Wisconsin, 1993 . Madison, Wisconsin: Wisconsin Department of Transportation, Office of Transportation Safety, 1994.
Kraus JF, Rock A, Hemyari P.  Brain injuries among infants, children, adolescents, and young adults. Am J Dis Child 1990;144:684-91.
Offner PJ, Rivara FP, Maier RV.  The impact of motorcycle helmet use. J Trauma 1992;32:636-42.
Link to Article[[XSLOpenURL/10.1097/00005373-199205000-00016]]
Initial hospital charges were used as a proxy for hospital costs, which are only a portion of direct medical costs. Initial hospital charges do not include physician fees, emergency department charges, or costs after discharge for subsequent hospitalizations, long-term care, and rehabilitation.


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