Conversation with Leslie Lanham, Children's Defense Fund, Austin, Tex (June 15, 1989), author of the Texas Medical Association Professional Liability Survey (summer 1988).
Michigan Dept of Social Services. Medicaid Matters .
Two other states, Maryland and Washington, currently are studying the issue. The Institute of Medicine also is expected to issue a report by September 1989.
Rosenbaum S, Hughes D. The medical malpractice crisis and poor women . In: Brown S, ed. Prenatal Care: Reaching Mothers. Reaching Infants . Washington, DC: Institute of Medicine; 1988;:229-243.
Medical Malpractice: Characteristics of Claims Closed in 1984 . Washington, DC: US General Accounting Office; 1987;. GAO-HRD-87-55.
Data recalculated by Deborah Lewis-Idema, Increasing Provider Participation. Washington, DC: National Governors Association; 1988:27. The recalculation corrected for the presence of closed claims for which the insurance source was not known.
Data provided by Laura L. Morlock, The Johns Hopkins University School of Public Health, Dept of Health Policy and Management, cited in Lewis-Idema, supra note 6, p 70.
Weisman CS, Teitelbaum MA, Morlock LL. Malpractice claims experience associated with fertility-control services among young obstetricians-gynecologists . Med Care . March 1988;;26(
Stoll K. Don't blame the poor for the malpractice crisis . Washington Post .
, 1986;. Health Section:6.
Dept of Health, Education, and Welfare Secretary's Commission on Medical Malpractice. Consumer's Knowledge of and Attitudes Towards Medical Malpractice . Washington, DC: Dept of Health, Education, and Welfare; 1973;:658-694.
US General Accounting Office, supra note 5. The GAO data were retabulated by Laura L. Morlock, The Johns Hopkins University. The GAO-published report includes payout on behalf of plaintiffs in 1 year. Because large awards frequently involve payments over time, the averages in the published report understate the effect of these awards. The retabulation from the GAO database covers total expected value of the award to the patient. Reported in Lewis-Idema, supra note 6, note 48 on p 71.
Federal Register .
See, eg, White v Sutherland, 585 P2d 331 (NM Ct App 1978); Brown v Stewart, 129 Cal App 3d 331 (Calif Ct App 1981); and Moss v Glynn, 383 NE2d 275 (Ill App Ct 1978).
Rosenbaum and Hughes, supra note 4.
Kulig K, Bar-Or D, Cantrill S, Rosen P, Rumack B. Management of acutely poisoned patients without gastric emptying . Ann Emerg Med . 1985;;14:562-567.
Neuvonen P, Vartianen M, Tokola O. Comparison of activated charcoal and ipecac syrup in prevention of drug absorption . Eur J Clin Pharmacol . 1983;;24:557-562.
Curtis R, Barone J, Giacona N. Efficacy of ipecac and activated charcoal/ cathartic . Arch Intern Med . 1984;;144:48-52.
Albertson T, Derlet R, Foulke G, Mingullon M, Tharrat S. Superiority of activated charcoal alone compared with ipecac and activated charcoal in the treatment of acute toxic ingestions . Ann Emerg Med . 1989;;18:101-104.
Tenenbein M, Cohen S, Sitar D. Efficacy of ipecac-induced emesis, orogastric lavage, and activated charcoal for acute drug overdose . Ann Emerg Med . 1987;;16:838-841.