0
We're unable to sign you in at this time. Please try again in a few minutes.
Retry
We were able to sign you in, but your subscription(s) could not be found. Please try again in a few minutes.
Retry
There may be a problem with your account. Please contact the AMA Service Center to resolve this issue.
Contact the AMA Service Center:
Telephone: 1 (800) 262-2350 or 1 (312) 670-7827  *   Email: subscriptions@jamanetwork.com
Error Message ......
ARTICLE |

Limited Effects of HIV Counseling and Testing for Women:  A Prospective Study of Behavioral and Psychological Consequences

Jeannette R. Ickovics, PhD; Allison C. Morrill, JD; Susan E. Beren, MS; Unjali Walsh, MS; Judith Rodin, PhD
JAMA. 1994;272(6):443-448. doi:10.1001/jama.1994.03520060043030.
Text Size: A A A
Published online

Objectives.  —To assess the consequences of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) counseling and testing for seronegative women in terms of sexual behavior and psychological outcomes.

Design.  —The design is prospective and longitudinal, using repeated measures. Participants were interviewed at recruitment, 2 weeks later (when tested women received results), and 3 months later.

Setting.  —Four community health clinics in southern Connecticut; all provide HIV counseling and testing and other specialized and primary health care services.

Study Participants.  —A sequential sample of women were recruited for two study groups: those seeking HIV counseling and testing (n=152), and a comparison group never tested for HIV (n=78), matched by clinic, race, and age.

Main Outcome Measures.  —A composite measure of sexual risk was developed, based on sexual activity, condom use, and partner risk factors. Psychometrically valid and reliable measures of general psychological functioning and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)—specific psychological indicators were also used.

Results.  —Average level of sexual risk was lower for tested than nontested women at all three interviews. For both groups, there was no significant change in sexual risk from baseline to 3-month follow-up. At the individual level, there was no difference in the number of women who decreased or increased sexual risk. For tested women, intrusive thoughts about AIDS and estimated chance of getting AIDS decreased after counseling and testing.

Conclusions.  —Behavioral and psychological consequences of HIV counseling and testing for women at risk for HIV were limited. These results have implications for further prevention interventions.(JAMA. 1994;272:443-448)

Topics

Sign in

Create a free personal account to sign up for alerts, share articles, and more.

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal

Figures

Tables

References

CME
Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.

Multimedia

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Sign in

Create a free personal account to sign up for alerts, share articles, and more.

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.

Jobs
brightcove.createExperiences();