Neurological Surgery

George T. Tindall, MD
JAMA. 1989;261(19):2857-2858. doi:10.1001/jama.1989.03420190133042.
Text Size: A A A
Published online

The pace of progress in medicine generally and in neurosurgery specifically is quickening. New technologies, innovative diagnostic procedures, improved treatment modalities, and refined surgical techniques continue to appear with regularity. Computed tomographic scans, magnetic resonance imaging, microsurgery, laser applications, transsphenoidal microsurgery, medical therapies for pituitary tumors, endovascular therapy, brain implants, spine surgical techniques, stereotaxic radiosurgery—these and many other developments have contributed to the evolving and effective practice of neurosurgery today.

Innovation and expansion will no doubt be ongoing for some time. But for the present, there are a few areas in which there has been considerable recent progress and that impact particularly on the practice of neurosurgery. Those that are covered in this article have made important inroads; the order in which they are presented is arbitrary.

Increasingly sophisticated surgical techniques, better understanding of surgical anatomy (especially of the structure and anatomic relationships of the cavernous sinus), and more widespread


Sign In to Access Full Content

Don't have Access?

Register and get free email Table of Contents alerts, saved searches, PowerPoint downloads, CME quizzes, and more

Subscribe for full-text access to content from 1998 forward and a host of useful features

Activate your current subscription (AMA members and current subscribers)

Purchase Online Access to this article for 24 hours




Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).


Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Sign In to Access Full Content

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.