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ARTICLE |

Increase in Pneumonia Mortality Among Young Adults and the HIV Epidemic— New York City, United States

JAMA. 1988;260(15):2181-2185. doi:10.1001/jama.1988.03410150029007.
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Stoneburner R, Laussucq S, Benezra D, Sotheran J, Des Jarlais D.  Increasing pneumonia mortality in NYC, 1980-1986: evidence for a larger spectrum of HIV-related disease in intravenous drug users  (Abstract). IV International Conference on AIDS. Book 1. Stockholm, June 12-16, 1988 :411.
Des Jarlais DC, Sotheran J, Stoneburner R, Friedman S, Marmor M, Maslansky R.  HIV-1 is associated with fatal infectious diseases other than AIDS among intravenous drug users  (Abstract). IV International Conference on AIDS. Book 1. Stockholm, June 12-16,1988 :314.
CDC.  Revision of the CDC surveillance case definition for acquired immunodeficiency syndrome . MMWR 1987;36( (suppl 1S) ).
Baron RC, Dicker RC, Bussell KE, Herndon JL.  Assessing trends in mortality in 121 US cities, 1970-79, from all causes and from pneumonia and influenza . Public Health Rep 1988;103:120-8.
Selwyn PA, Schoenbaum EE, Hartel D, et al.  AIDS and HIV-related mortality in intravenous drug users (IVDUs)  (Abstract). IV International Conference on AIDS. Book 2. Stockholm, June 1216,1988 :193.
Mortality rates were estimated using decennial U.S. census data for the 121 cities, with populations for intercensus years estimated by linear interpolation or extrapolation. As a result, actual mortality rates for the 121 cities may be slightly higher or lower than presented here.

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