We're unable to sign you in at this time. Please try again in a few minutes.
We were able to sign you in, but your subscription(s) could not be found. Please try again in a few minutes.
There may be a problem with your account. Please contact the AMA Service Center to resolve this issue.
Contact the AMA Service Center:
Telephone: 1 (800) 262-2350 or 1 (312) 670-7827  *   Email: subscriptions@jamanetwork.com
Error Message ......
Article |

Ginevra: Turned Left or Right? Leonardo: Straight or Gay?

David Goldblatt, MD
JAMA. 1987;258(7):912. doi:10.1001/jama.1987.03400070050028.
Text Size: A A A
Published online


To the Editor.—  The fascinating article about Leonardo da Vinci's portrait of Ginevra de' Benci1 created an ambiguity—not as intriguing as "Who is the Mona Lisa and why does she look that way?" but of interest to me, because I am a neurologist and also a left-hander, two reasons to try not to get mixed up on rights and lefts.Concerning the young woman in the painting, Dr Crosby comments that "she shares [a little gallery at the National Gallery of Art] with five young men of the Renaissance, all turned to the right. She, in their midst, turns to the left." I contend that she is actively turning to the right. (Note the sharp edge of the contracting left sternocleidomastoid muscle, which accomplishes that act.) Her eyes, which confront the viewer, are also turned—even further than her head—toward her right. (Dull as they are, they might be said


Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?




Also Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
Please click the checkbox indicating that you have read the full article in order to submit your answers.
Your answers have been saved for later.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.


Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

0 Citations

Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.