"WE ARE UNCOMPROMISING abolitionists.... For us, abolition constitutes a medical as well as a moral categoric imperative." These words were addressed by Bernard Lown, MD, copresident of International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War, to the 2500 delegates attending the group's seventh world congress in Moscow this spring.
Although nuclear weapons were the main concern of the congress, in the wake of the accident at Chernobyl (JAMA 1986;256:559-561, 565-568) there was also considerable debate on the risks of nuclear energy. Gordon Thompson, MD, executive director of the Institute of Resources and Security Studies in Australia, for example, pointed out that some countries have decided to exclude the nuclear option from their energy program altogether, and in others there has been a decline in the fortunes of the nuclear power industry.
By way of illustration, Thompson said that the anticipated worldwide nuclear energy capacity of 4450 GWe by the year