This book includes, first, a concise review of different external fixators, biomechanical analysis of this device, and the biomechanics of fracture healing. The indications, technical considerations, and complications are discussed. The clinical application of the external fixator is discussed in detail, which includes tibial fractures (closed and open), pelvic fractures, multiple fractures, nonunion, and infected nonunion. The Hoffmann apparatus is discussed also, and clinical data on its use are presented.
The use of external fixators in the management of fractures is an old concept, but recently the popularity of this method has returned, especially in open fractures or in severely comminuted fractures. There is no doubt that this principle is a sound one, and every orthopedic surgeon should be well versed in its use. This book presents the necessary information.